Q- Four Forgiveness-Related Questionnaires

FOUR FORGIVENESS QUESTIONNAIRES

THE FORGIVINGNESS QUESTIONNAIRE
(English Version)
SAMPLE OF ITEMS

Lasting Resentment

The way I consider the world has brought me to never forgive.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to forgive even if the offender has apologized.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I keep feeling resentful even if the offender has begged for forgiveness.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I feel unable to forgive even if the consequences of the harm done have been canceled.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can more easily forgive a person I well know than a person I don’t know.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I keep feeling resentful even if the consequences of the harm done are minimal.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Sensitivity to Circumstances

As far as I am concerned, I forgive more easily if my family or my friends invite me to do so.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I forgive more easily when I feel good and everything goes well.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I forgive more easily a member of my family than anyone else.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I forgive more easily when the consequences of the harm have been cancelled.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I forgive less easily when I feel bad and everything goes badly.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can more easily forgive when the offender has begged for forgiveness.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Unconditional Forgiveness

As far as I am concerned, I can easily forgive even if the consequences of the harm done have not been cancelled.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can easily forgive even if the consequences of the harm done are serious ones.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can easily forgive even if the offender has not begged for forgiveness.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can easily forgive even if the offender has not apologized.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I can easily forgive even if the offender did the harm intentionally
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Some Recent References

Akl, M., & Mullet, E. (2010). Forgivingness: Relationship with conceptualizations of God’s forgiveness and childhood memories. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20, 187-200.

Ballester, S., Muñoz Sastre, M. T., & Mullet, E. (2009). Forgivingness and lay conceptualizations of forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 605-609.

Menezes Fonseca, A. C., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2012). Dispositional forgiveness among homicide offenders. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.

Mullet, E., & Azar, F. (2009). Apologies, repentance and forgiveness: A Muslim-Christian comparison. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19, 275-285.

Mullet, E., Rivière, S., & Muñoz Sastre, M. T. (2006). Relationships between young adults’ forgiveness culture and their parents’ forgiveness culture. Journal of Cultural and Evolutionary Psychology, 4, 159-172.

Muñoz Sastre, M. T., Vinsonneau, G., Chabrol, H., & Mullet, E. (2005). Forgivingness and the paranoid personality style. Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 765-772.

Nateghian, S., Molazadeh, J., Lignon, S., & Mullet, E. (2009). Forgivingness: An Iran-France comparison. Advances in Psychology Research, 66, 347-351.

Neto, F. (2007) Forgiveness, personality and gratitude. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 2313-2323.

Paz, R., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2007). Forgivingness: Similarities and differences between Buddhists and Christians living in China. International Journal of Psychology of Religion, 17, 289-301.

Paz, R., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2008). Forgivingness: A China-Western Europe comparison. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 142, 147-157.

Suwartono, C., Prawasti, C. Y., & Mullet, E. (2007). Effect of culture on forgivingness: A Southern-Asia-Western Europe comparison. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 513-523.

Tripathi, A., & Mullet, E. (2010). Conceptualizations of forgiveness and forgivingness among Hindus. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20, 255-266.


THE DISPOSITION TO SEEK FORGIVENESS QUESTIONNAIRE
(English Version)
SAMPLE OF ITEMS

Inability in seeking forgiveness

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to seek forgiveness even when I positively consider the person I have harmed.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to seek forgiveness even when the harm I have caused has clearly visible consequences on the person I have harmed.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to seek forgiveness even when I think I am entirely responsible for the harm done.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to seek forgiveness even when the consequences of the harm have disappeared.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I don’t feel able to seek forgiveness even when the harm was not intended.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Sensitivity to circumstances

As far as I am concerned, I feel it is easier to seek forgiveness when I feel good and everything goes well.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I feel it is easier to seek forgiveness when my family or friends have encouraged me to do so.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I feel it is easier to seek forgiveness when the person I have harmed has not taken revenge.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I feel it is easier to seek forgiveness when the harm done has clearly visible consequences in the person I have harmed.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I feel it is less easy to seek forgiveness when I feel bad and everything is going badly.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Unconditional seeking of forgiveness

My worldviews leads me to always seek forgiveness.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I readily seek forgiveness even when I feel bad and everything goes badly.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I readily seek forgiveness even when I feel that it puts me in a position of inferiority vis-à-vis the person I have harmed.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I readily seek forgiveness even when I have already been punished for the harm done.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

As far as I am concerned, I readily seek forgiveness even when the person I have harmed has already taken revenge on me for the harm done.
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Some Recent References

Chiaramello, S, Muñoz Sastre, M. T., & Mullet, E (2008). Seeking forgiveness: Factor structure and relationships with personality and forgivingness. Personality & Individual Differences, 45, 383-388.

Menezes Fonseca, A. C., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2012). Dispositional forgiveness among homicide offenders. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.
THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF FORGIVENESS QUESTIONNAIRE
(English Version)
SAMPLE OF ITEMS

Change of Heart

To forgive someone necessarily means to start feeling affection towards him/her again
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To stop feeling resentment towards someone means that he/she has been forgiven
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to reconcile with him/her
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to start trusting him/her again
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to start feeling sympathy towards him/her again
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Encourages Moral Behavior (Forgiveness is Good)

To forgive someone is the best way of ensuring that he/she will forgive you when the time comes
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to lead that person to accept his/her wrongs
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone means to encourage him/her to behave better in the future
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to make him/her set right his wrongs
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone necessarily means to make this person regret his/her acts
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Immoral Behavior (Forgiveness is Bad)

To forgive someone necessarily means to approve of what he/she has done to you
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone means to encourage him/her to behave wrongly again
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

To forgive someone is to act in a morally wrong way
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Forgiving necessarily shows that one has no backbone
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Forgiving is demonstrating that one is over proud
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Broad (More-Than-Dyadic) Process

It is possible to forgive someone even after he/she has gone far away
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

It is possible to forgive a person even after he/she has passed away
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

It is possible to forgive a person even without personally knowing the persona
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

It is possible to forgive the wrongs that have been done to people close to you (e.g., parents)
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

It is possible to forgive the person(s) responsible for an institution (e.g., the state, the church, an association, etc.)
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree


Some Recent References

Bagnulo, A., Muñoz Sastre, M. T., & Mullet, E. (2009). Conceptualizations of forgiveness : A Latin-America West-Europe comparison. Universitas Psychologica: A Pan-American Journal of Psychology, 8, 665-674.

Ballester, S., Chatri, F., Muñoz Sastre, M. T., Rivière, S., & Mullet, E. (2011). Forgiveness and unforgiveness: A systematic inventory of motives. Social Science Information, in press.

Ballester, S., Muñoz Sastre, M. T., & Mullet, E. (2009). Forgivingness and lay conceptualizations of forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 605-609.

Kadima Kadiangandu, J., Gauché, M., Vinsonneau, G., & Mullet, E. (2007). Conceptualizations of forgiveness: Collectivist-Congolese versus Individualist-French viewpoints. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 432-437.

Menezes Fonseca, A. C., Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2012). Dispositional forgiveness among homicide offenders. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology.

Mullet, E., Girard, M., & Bakshi, P. (2004). Conceptualizations of forgiveness. European Psychologist, 9, 78-86.

Neto, F., & Mullet, E. (2011). Lay conceptualizations of forgiveness among Portuguese adults: A proverb endorsement approach. Proverbium: Yearbook of International Proverb Scholarship, 28, 219-233.

Tripathi, A., & Mullet, E. (2010). Conceptualizations of forgiveness and forgivingness among Hindus. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 20, 255-266.


THE FORGIVENESS-RELATED MOTIVES QUESTIONNAIRE
(English Version)
SAMPLE OF ITEMS


Sympathy

I have sometimes forgiven because the offender had sincerely apologized
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven because the offender had sincerely begged for forgiveness
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven because the offender had no intention of hurting me
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Mastery

I have sometimes forgiven because the offender did not want to be forgiven
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven as a means for gaining moral ascendancy over the offender
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven to act in a different way than people usually do
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Affection

I have sometimes forgiven to keep the offender’s love
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven to attract the offender’s affection
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven to gain the offender’s love
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Morality

I have sometimes forgiven because it is not OK to keep rancor
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven because forgiveness is good in itself
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes forgiven because it is always the right thing to do
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

THE UNFORGIVENESS-RELATED MOTIVES QUESTIONNAIRE
 (English Version)
SAMPLE OF ITEMS

Indignation

I have sometimes not forgiven because the offense had severe repercussions on my physical and psychological health
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because the aggression was of a physical nature
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because the aggression was of a sexual nature
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Self-affirmation

I have sometimes not forgiven as a way of being taken seriously and respected
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven so that others learn to be afraid of me
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven to show who was the strongest
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Anger

I have sometimes not forgiven because I felt that my anger and my resentment were still justified
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because I would have never acted towards the other person the way he/she acted towards me
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because I considered the offender to be completely responsible for what had happened
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

Self-protection

I have sometimes not forgiven because in my view, forgiving meant automatically negating the reality of what happened
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because in my view, forgiving meant automatically forgetting what happened
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree

I have sometimes not forgiven because in my view forgiving meant automatically trusting the offender again
Disagree Completely   o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o---o Completely Agree


Some Recent References

Ballester, S., Chatri, F., Muñoz Sastre, M. T., Rivière, S., & Mullet, E. (2011). Forgiveness-related motives: A structural and cross-cultural approach. Social Science Information, 50, 178-200.